Types of Full-stack Web Developers


Java Full Stack Developer

Here, the main programming tool is the Java language and related technologies. Such a specialist uses the following stack in his work:

Java language + Java Core;

Apache (server);

JPA/Hibernate (database communication tool);

Spring (Spring MVC, Spring Boot, Spring REST, Spring Web);

Google Cloud, AWS or Azure (cloud storage);

ability to use servlets, JSP (Java Server Pages);

Understanding how microservices work.

Java Full Stack Developer

Java Full Stack Developer

ASP.NET Full Stack Developer

This specialist owns a wide range of tools necessary for the implementation of web projects. The main programming language used here is C#. In general, an ASP.NET Full-stack Developer should have the following set of BackEnd knowledge:


understanding of the general structure of .NET;


Entity framework;

Azure (cloud storage);

programming language T-SQL;

knowledge of RESTful APIs.

PHP Full-stack Developer

The PHP language is a classic programming tool. The stack of such a specialist is usually less extensive compared to the previous options. Many webmasters have been familiar with PHP for a long time, so all that is needed here is:

owning, in fact, PHP itself.

popular Yii2/Symfony/Laravel frameworks.

Python Full Stack Developer

The possibilities of Python, without exaggerating, can be called limitless. Including the field of web programming. The full-stack-master’s Python stack looks something like this:

Python (the language itself);

Django/Flask (working frameworks);


web sockets;

understanding of Linux OS, Nginx/Apache can also be useful;

ability to use cloud services.

Python Full Stack Developer

Python Full Stack Developer

In addition to their narrowly focused technologies, every Full-stack specialist should know the following:

Git (version control system) and GitHub (web service for hosting IT projects);

design and generally understand SQL and NoSQL (relational and non-relational databases, respectively);

understand HTTP and HTTPS protocols;

own SQL (query language) and any of the DBMS: MySQL / PostgreSQL / SQLServer, or any of the NoSQL DBMS (in particular, it can be MongoDB);

be able to test the finished product;

perform Code Review;

work with Docker;

know English (level – from Intermediate and above);

have an idea about modern programming patterns and understand the approaches to their implementation;

Good understanding of algorithms and data structures.

Understanding what the client and business needs

Full-stack masters know exactly how the software works in use and how the business for which it was created generally functions.

Other important points

A full-stack specialist must be able to create high quality unit tests, and now this is possible even with JavaScript.

Understand how to automate processes when developing applications, know everything about testing, documentation and scaling.

Be aware of the possibility of vulnerabilities and provide sufficient security at every level.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Full-stack Web Developer Profession

Benefits of being a Full-stack Web Developer

You can take on the entire project on your own

For a developer, owning both FrontEnd and BackEnd is a clear plus. Not only will such a programmer independently configure both sides of the product, but he will also establish a connection between them (and at this moment, inconsistencies usually occur between front and backend developers). If all this is done by one person, any misunderstandings and contradictions are excluded.

The development process is fast, the specialist makes decisions himself, time is not spent on unnecessary approvals

Full-stack Web Developer is a competent programmer who is single-handedly involved in development and manages the project. His professional level is enough to make independent decisions that can not be discussed with other participants in the process.

It is easy to find a job on freelance exchanges

Advantages and Disadvantages of Full-stack Web Developer Profession

Advantages and Disadvantages of Full-stack Web Developer Profession

Programmers who can make an entire web project alone are very much in demand on the exchanges. In this sense, they have a clear advantage over narrow specialists. So a full-stack developer is a very promising profession, you can generally go freelancing with it and provide yourself with an excellent salary there.

Wide career opportunities

A full-stack specialist can apply his knowledge in various areas of web development. If you want, you can deal exclusively with FrontEnd- or BackEnd-programming, develop wider in a horizontal direction, or master some area in more depth. Or you can choose a different path, move vertically, up your career, become a team leader, an architect and lead application development processes.

A great place to apply this knowledge is startups. Usually, the owners of such projects do not have a large budget and try to hire one generalist instead of several programmers, which is what Full-stack developers are. Here you can perfectly hone your skills, plus work on interesting, fresh, not boring projects.

If we talk about the needs of the market in general, then Full-stack developers are worth the price, and what a price! A bunch of companies do not mind having such a specialist on their staff. There are few open vacancies for such a position, but the competition is lower (in comparison with front and back masters).

The work is not routine, burnouts rarely happen here

The activities of Full-stack-specialists definitely cannot be called monotonous. Thanks to a wide arsenal of knowledge, such a master can take on a variety of projects without getting tired of the monotonous use of the same tools.

Opportunities to create and improve your own product

For this, a Full-stack developer has enough knowledge and skills. Over time, you can even assemble your own team of specialists, create your own product and continue to develop it. Everything you need for this, you already have.

Disadvantages of the Full-stack Web Developer Profession

Narrow specialists have advantages in their field

A full-stack master, of course, understands many technologies, but narrow specialists know the subject much better. A full-stack developer has to spread out, so it’s unlikely that you will be able to master literally all languages ​​and tools thoroughly. That is, he knows a lot, but the one who works only in one specific direction still knows more.

Disadvantages of the Full-stack Web Developer Profession

Disadvantages of the Full-stack Web Developer Profession

Full-stack developer spends a lot of time learning

There is a lot of technology to learn. While you are mastering BackEnd (for example), you are slowly forgetting what you have already learned from FrontEnd. Therefore, it is necessary to try very hard to keep the level of knowledge gained high. How to achieve this? – First, study one direction and get a job as a narrow specialist.

And then along the way, study the technologies of the second direction. This way you will not forget your current knowledge (and gain experience in applying it) and gradually master new ones, smoothly approaching a full-fledged Full-stack development.